tv BBC World News America PBS May 14, 2012 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT
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>> and now, bbc world news america. >> welcome to this special edition of bbc world news america, from calgary, canada. the oil boom is on in alberta. the vast reserves are fueling fortunes and raising environmental concern. we speak to calgary's mayor. >> i say calgary is a place nobody cars who your -- cares who your daddy was or where you went to school. >> and the cost of the greek stalemate. politicians in athens fail to form an emergency government.
>> welcome to our viewers on pbs and america. we come to you from calgary in canada, as part of the special in-depth look at this country. as countries struggle with economic woes, you get a different picture, fueled by canada's reserve of oil as people exploit the reserves, they raise environmental concern. i went to fort mcmurray to take a closer look. >> oh canada. the breathtaking beauty of the rockies. there is something pure about this country's image. this is the canada you may not
think of. dirty, industrial, profit- focused. the newest petro state. >> canadians have oil. lots of it. buried in the windy sands of north alberta. and as people want more oil, the canadians have developed these oil sands at breakneck speed. >> the reserves are huge. digging up the sands. it used to be too expensive. but the cost pof production is down. profits are up. this moonscape attracts workers from around the world. >> this is where the money is. >> mucha is a long way from home. she came her eas e as a nanny bt
was drawn to oil. she drives a monster truck in the mines. >> i fly home each year. i can go anywhere i want and buily anything i need. i support my family and relatives. it changed my life. >> the oil has made a gold rush. the local town of fort mcmurray doubled in size. squint through the dust, and yo uu can almost see the saloons. but the speed of development has alarming consequences. >> you have to worry about the wildlife and the footprint on the land, and how it effects caribou and ducks and birds.
this is water withdrawal. the sustainability of the environment. >> some of this is addressed in a new form of extraction. these mines may be more harmful. with more greenhouse gasses. >> what we can do is minimize the evironmental footprint. we have managed to decrease the size, and the oil ration. water use is dropping. >> leaving regulation to the goodwill of oil companies is risky. >> canada has a bad track record with climate change. tehre arhere is no regulation to limit greenhouseas emmissions.
>> consumers want oil cheap, plentiful, and clean. but those demands are not compatible. >> for more on the candian oil industry, i spoke with travis davis. i started by asking about his concerns that canadian oil is dirty oil. >> it comes down to, whatever oi energy you consume has an evironmental footprint. but put it in context. do you get it from coal or heavy thermal? >> do you have a larger footprint than crude oil? %> the average barrell is 6 greater. we want to knock it below the barrell's cost with more heavy
crude in the market. >> is it better to get oil from stable, democratic canada than from venezuela or nigeria? but that is not the standard. it is how well you do in terms of your industry. >> we -- most canadians support development. but they expect environmental improvement over time, and for it to be better as we go. in the u.s., you get twone credit. we have 3,000 suppliers, and there is an economic benefit for north america. a dollar spent there stays there. this is good, but we want to see you improve.
>> americans say, we don't want to build the pipeline. but you could sell to someone else. there are plenty of people who need oil. >> oil demand is huge in asia and east canada. the u.s. is the key market. the biggest trading partner. we have democratic and geopolitical issues. we sell most of our oil to the u.s. >> in calgary, the chinese are interested in canadian oil. they will not ask about the evironmental issues. >> we have to produce it in canada. we have to pay attention to the consumer. but without the resource, it doesn't matter. we reduce emissions by 27%.
landmark changes in this and we need to ramp up reclaimation. all of it is happening today. >> travis davis joined me earlier. we will have more reports. news from around the world. the cold wind blowing through financial markets, from greece. it started when politicians failed to form an emergency government. here is the europe editor. >> stock markets fell, and the euro tumbled on fears greece would abandon the euro. borrowing clost focost for spait dangerous levels. for the 9th day, they struggled to form a government.
there may be a new election to increase support to leave the lablewith incalcuabl consequences. >> this is about the future of countries in the eurozone which damanges thges the u.s. goverme. >> they may form a government of technocrats. leading officials pleaded not to renege on austerity cuts. there was no sign they would offer easier terms. the german chancellor, angela merkel, looked over the european map. she had a warning, too. >> solidarity to countries like
greece will end if they say, we do not keep to the agreement. the german chancellor was under pressure. her party was defeated by a party wanting to go slow on austerity. greek voters were driven to extremists. but her policy of cutting debt has strong support in europe. >> this policy, with 25 member states, is the only way out of the crisis. we can't solve the soverign debt crisis with a higher deficit. >> germany says there should be no backtracking as pressure mounts. francois hollande arrives, with
new messages that growth is the priority. the spanish prime minister said the survival is at stake. >> protesters occupy one of the main squares in madrid. the greek crisis may destabilize other european countries. >> the latest crisis has changed the debate. it was once unthinkable, but now poiclicy makers look into how to manage an exit. robert hester has this story. >> greece is struggling to form a government, as fears rise that at the end of the crisis, new ministers will dump the euro
for a national currency, the dragma. this is why voters made it clear they are against cuts in austerity, for bailing out the country. free meals and soup kitchesn life, andrtare part of they blame it on austerity. some are fearful of the consequences to renege on the debt. >> leaving the euro-zone would essentially mean that we are living through an ancient greek tragedy again. >> what is the impact on spain? battling recession and greece pulling out. >> if they are forced out of the euro-zone, it is a knock on the
rest of europe. >> a greek exit could see billions of euros withdrawn from countries with debts that cannot be sustained. in portugal, spain, and italy, they'd have to pump more loans into them, on top of the loans they have provided. putting banks on life support is not a long-term solution. germany would face huge losses, as the central bank is owed 644 billion euros by the central banks of other countries. it is a quarter of their gdp. germany would get a fraction of that, causing outrage among
taxpayers. >> gloomy britain. any chansce of a spring? >> they can grow the economy with confidence. thsi is is damaged by the euroze crisis. thsi is not good for the british economy. >> the french, asking for more jobs. justice. citizens worrying about the price of saving the euro. bbc news. >> a reminder, what hapenpens in greece would be felt around the world. research by the bbc shows the united nations underestimated the water shortage around the world. we have more on the true scale of this problem. >> 800,000,000 people share
drinking water with animals. it has fallen hugely udner the u.n. millenium gold. maban ki moon said 2 billion moe people recieved safe water supplies. one of the first goals to be achieved. but what does this mean? his definition is water from pipe supplies or protected wells. bbc news has been told by his own water advisors that pipewater is unsafe. it could come from a filthy river or a polluted well. 70% of so-called improved water is unfit to drink. the true number of people with safe water is between 1 and 4
billion. maybe half the world's population. the challenge on drinking water is immense. >> another world resource under stress. still to come on this program. >> smash goes the window. >> we have more from here in canada. a look on how vancouver is playing a role in the movie industry. >> to syria. reports say 30 people were killed in heavy fighting between government troops and opposition forces. the army had 23 casualties. unvarified.ure is the monitoring mitiossion
increases it's presence. >> more u.n. advisors arrive every day. general mood says -- >> if you don't remember anything else after my speech, you remember you are a guest in syria. >> but it's also a dangerous place. >> you could tell that everything you find, in damascus. good to see you. >> what can his mission do? >> the separation mission is not the ingredient that is going to change everything on the ground. not in a few days, not in more days. it is the little element that can help. >> many find it difficult to see this opening. >> the main challenge is to have
all stakeholders in syria, not outside syria. and by actions on the ground. to live up to these commitments. they have made the commitments. we are involved with the opposition. >> asked how it would take, general mood said it was unsustainable with too many syrians suffering. news, damascus. >> wealalk around calgary, you can see how young and diverse it is. nobody embodies this more than the mayor. his parents came from tanzania. he is getting international attention for his style of
governing and his twitter account. >> mayor, you are the first muslim mayor of a major canadian city. >> north american city. >> are you a symbol of multiculturalism? >> i grew up in this city. i never thoguhught there was something i couldn't duo due to my faith. i always say, calgary is a place nobody cares who your daddy was or who you want to school. what are your ideas and your willingness to make them happen? the community will support you. it is a great part of this city. pluralism works. people look at what you
contribute. >> you get a lot of press attention, on the cover of reader's digest, the guy canada can trust. time, cnn. >> bbc. calgary has a great story. >> but it's you. >> my hair, maybe. my orthodontist says it's the work he did on my teeth. they say i'm the most trusted guy in canada. that trust in the community makes us successful. >> you have 52,000 followers on twitter. >> 57,000. >> you changed how politicians can use social media. a seminar on social media will focus on your experience.
>> the funny thing about me is i never saet out to try something brand new. i used an old adage -- just go and talk to people. i spent a lot of time -- coming to them. i don't expect people to climb the steps of the sandstone cathedral. a lot of people live online, in front of a screen. ironically, with 140 characters, you can have authentic two-way dialog with people to invite them into the conversation. >> you did this in policy. >> you have taken that approach directly to calgary.
>> it is an old approach. going out and saying, "waht dhao you want? what are you willing to pay for?" starting that conversation -- i didn't take an average of what everyone said. i feel if you make the best decisions, you do it with the best data. that information has to include what the real experts in the world think of their own community. i could say i am an expert on public transit. she knwoows when the system is working. everyone is an expert in therir own life. we need to tap into that to make better decisions.
>> thank you for joining us. during thsis program, we looked at the natural resources of canada's growth. far from hollywood, vancouver is a big player in the movie industry. michelle traveled there. >> nestled between the mountans and pacific, vancouver is knwon own for the outside living. but there is a darker side to this story. modeling the macabre. it is a center for movie-making. as the film industry developed, demand for these skills have grown. >> we are working on four shwos. ows. we wrapped supernatural, and
"once upon a time," and "primeval." we have "the seventh son." >> despite the canadian dollar's strength, tax breaks are a draw from south of the border. >> there are sunsets like this across the city. vancouver is the hollywood of the north. more tv shows are made here than world exceptthe u.s. excep los angeles. >> we started doing this as kids, big fans of halloween. >> here is our bloods. >> he doesnt't just make bodies, he has a fake blood bank. >> we have all kinds of blood.
mouth blood, lung blood, aerial blood, sticky blood. scab blood. we have all this stuff. a few recipes. those will remaaiin with us. >> vancouver's film industry pumps a billion dollars a year into the economy. even gore lovers can make a good living. >> from the movie industry, to the comsopolitan city of calgary. and the evironmental issues. canada is complex and thriving during our week here. live from calgary. thank you for joining us. yo ucau can find these stories d more on 'canada direct' on our
website. tune in tomorrow. international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> this is kim -- about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, we're developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us